Object Detection using Faster R-CNN

You can get the source code for below example here.

Faster R-CNN in MXNet with distributed implementation and data parallelization

Region Proposal Network solves object detection as a regression problem from the objectness perspective. Bounding boxes are predicted by applying learned bounding box deltas to base boxes, namely anchor boxes across different positions in feature maps. Training process directly learns a mapping from raw image intensities to bounding box transformation targets.

Fast R-CNN treats general object detection as a classification problem and bounding box prediction as a regression problem. Classifying cropped region feature maps and predicting bounding box displacements together yields detection results. Cropping feature maps instead of image input accelerates computation utilizing shared convolution maps. Bounding box displacements are simultaneously learned in the training process.

Faster R-CNN utilize an alternate optimization training process between RPN and Fast R-CNN. Fast R-CNN weights are used to initiate RPN for training.

Getting Started

  • Install python package easydict, cv2, matplotlib. MXNet require numpy.
  • Install MXNet with version no later than Commit 8a3424e, preferably the latest master. Follow the instructions at http://mxnet.io/get_started/setup.html#quick-installation. Install the python interface.
  • Try out detection result by running python demo.py --prefix final --epoch 0 --image myimage.jpg --gpu 0. Suppose you have downloaded pretrained network and place the extracted file final-0000.params in this folder and there is an image named myimage.jpg.

Training and Testing Faster R-CNN

  • Install additional python package scipy.
  • Download Pascal VOC data and place them to data folder according to Data Folder Structure. You might want to create a symbolic link to VOCdevkit folder by ln -s /path/to/your/VOCdevkit data/VOCdevkit.
  • Download VGG16 pretrained model, use mxnet/tools/caffe_converter to convert it, rename to vgg16-symbol.json and vgg16-0001.params and place it in model folder. model folder will be used to place model checkpoints along the training process.
  • Start training by running python train_alternate.py after VOCdevkit is ready. A typical command would be python train_alternate.py --gpus 0. This will train the network on the VOC07 trainval. More control of training process can be found in the argparse help accessed by python train_alternate.py -h.
  • Start testing by run python test.py after completing the training process. A typical command would be python test.py --has_rpn --prefix model/final --epoch 8. This will test the network on the VOC07 test. Adding a --vis will turn on visualization and -h will show help as in the training process.

Training and Testing Fast R-CNN

  • Download Pascal VOC data and place them to data folder according to Data Folder Structure. You might want to create a symbolic link to VOCdevkit folder by ln -s /path/to/your/VOCdevkit data/VOCdevkit.
  • Download precomputed selective search data and place them to data folder according to Data Folder Structure.
  • Download VGG16 pretrained model, use mxnet/tools/caffe_converter to convert it, rename to vgg16-symbol.json and vgg16-0001.params and place it in model folder. model folder will be used to place model checkpoints along the training process.
  • Start training by running python -m tools.train_rcnn --proposal ss to use the selective search proposal.
  • Start testing by running python -m tools.test_rcnn --proposal ss.

Approximate Joint Training

  • Support training faster-rcnn model using end2end training method which is implemented by approximate joint training, and it is almost the same as py-faster-rcnn
  • Start end2end training by running python -u train_end2end.py, please using python train_end2end.py --help to query how to setting the training paramters, such as you can setting the step of dropping lr by --factor-step.

Information

  • Download link to trained model Baidu Yun: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1boRhGvH (ixiw) or Dropbox: https://www.dropbox.com/s/jrr83q0ai2ckltq/final-0000.params.tar.gz?dl=0

  • Download link to Pascal VOC and precomputed selective search proposals

    Pascal VOCdevkit
    http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCtrainval_06-Nov-2007.tar
    http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCtest_06-Nov-2007.tar
    http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCdevkit_08-Jun-2007.tar
    selective_search_data (by Ross Girshick)
    Download link accessible at https://github.com/rbgirshick/fast-rcnn/blob/master/data/scripts/fetch_selective_search_data.sh
    
  • Data Folder Structure (create a data folder if there is none)

    VOCdevkit
    -- VOC + year (JPEG images and annotations)
    -- results (will be created by evaluation)
    ---- VOC + year
    ------ main
    -------- comp4_det_val_aeroplane.txt
    selective_search_data
    rpn_data (will be created by rpn)
    cache (will be created by imdb)
    

Disclaimer

This repository used code from MXNet, Fast R-CNN, Faster R-CNN, caffe. Training data are from Pascal VOC, ImageNet. Model comes from VGG16.

References

  1. Tianqi Chen, Mu Li, Yutian Li, Min Lin, Naiyan Wang, Minjie Wang, Tianjun Xiao, Bing Xu, Chiyuan Zhang, and Zheng Zhang. MXNet: A Flexible and Efficient Machine Learning Library for Heterogeneous Distributed Systems. In Neural Information Processing Systems, Workshop on Machine Learning Systems, 2015
  2. Ross Girshick. “Fast R-CNN.” In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, 2015.
  3. Shaoqing Ren, Kaiming He, Ross Girshick, and Jian Sun. “Faster R-CNN: Towards real-time object detection with region proposal networks.” In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 2015.
  4. Yangqing Jia, Evan Shelhamer, Jeff Donahue, Sergey Karayev, Jonathan Long, Ross Girshick, Sergio Guadarrama, and Trevor Darrell. “Caffe: Convolutional architecture for fast feature embedding.” In Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimedia, 2014.
  5. Mark Everingham, Luc Van Gool, Christopher KI Williams, John Winn, and Andrew Zisserman. “The pascal visual object classes (voc) challenge.” International journal of computer vision 88, no. 2 (2010): 303-338.
  6. Jia Deng, Wei Dong, Richard Socher, Li-Jia Li, Kai Li, and Li Fei-Fei. “ImageNet: A large-scale hierarchical image database.” In Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE Conference on, 2009.
  7. Karen Simonyan, and Andrew Zisserman. “Very deep convolutional networks for large-scale image recognition.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.1556 (2014).